Lipman wonders about the information audit committees might be missing out on by not seeing it for as much as a year. “If you are an audit committee member, you may want a lot more detail,” he says.
At least one Big Four firm is apparently trying to reveal a bit more of the confidential inspection material, however. In a move KPMG says is “in the spirit of transparency,” the firm is disclosing on its Web site a summary of the PCAOB’s nonpublic observations about its 2003 inspection of the firm and actions the firm is taking in response to them. The audit firm calls the full report “detailed and technical.”
In its summary, for instance, KPMG notes that the PCAOB observed that although the importance of audit quality is clearly stressed in gauging audit partners’ compensation, it’s not clearly stated that it’s “the most important factor.” In response, the firm is clarifying its 2004 pay practices to document that it is the most important factor, according to the summary.
Asked whether KPMG received requests for the full report from its clients and what the auditor’s response had been to those requests, Tom Fitzgerald, a spokesman for the firm, declined to comment.
Steve Silber, a PricewaterhouseCoopers representative, said the firm does not intend to “part from the process” set forth from Congress. “We think the confidential process to improve audit quality is working,” he added, noting the firm does not comment on communications with clients.(Representatives from Deloitte & Touche and Ernst & Young did not return calls requesting comment for this story.)
Lipman says that audit clients are likely to find that getting full inspection reports may be next to impossible without a change in the law. Auditors, he says, “don’t want their ‘dirty laundry’ disclosed to their clients.”
From the client’ point of view, however, knowing what’s in the full report is crucial since the nonpublic part could include details requiring the client to make a future accounting restatement, he contends.
Christi Harlan, a PCAOB spokesperson, dismisses Lipman’s claim that the seeds of a restatement could be hidden in the nonpublic details. “I don’t suspect that there would be anything that would be with the internal quality control that would have to do with a restatement,” she said.
Harlan explained that the inspections into internal quality controls concern internal firm actions and rules, not specific audits.
For the public part of the inspection, however, PCAOB officials do look at selected auditing engagements, she said, noting that client names are kept confidential. The board’s inspectors typically speak to at least the chair of audit committee “when we think it’s material to the company’s financial statements,” according to Harlan.
“Our inspectors have conversations with the chair or member of that audit committee in [their] general course of examining specific audit engagements to test whether the auditor is communicating as he or she should,” she said.
If the PCAOB finds that an audit firm is not complying with generally accepted accounting principles, Harlan says, alerting the audit committee to that “could cause a change right then and there, which is much better for the investing public.”
Last year, the PCAOB inspected the eight largest accounting firms (those that have more than 100 public company audit clients each), as well as 91 smaller accounting firms. This year, it will inspect the top eight again and continue to chip away at the long list of smaller firms.