The real story, says Gannon, is that not only do companies have to adhere to the principles of IFRS, they are pushed to reach accounting outcomes that are more reflective of economic reality. That requires judgment and thoughtfully written disclosures to support the accounting treatment, he says.
Myth No. 4: Convergence is the same as adopting IFRS.
Convergence is not the same as adopting global standards, but rather just a stop along the way, says Gannon. Convergence certainly will make moving to IFRS easier for U.S. companies if the SEC requires them to do so. But if the United States doesn’t move to IFRS, important differences will remain between international accounting rules and U.S. GAAP in the areas of impairment testing, financial instruments, inventory, and research and development.
Myth No. 5: If the United States doesn’t adopt IFRS, American companies can return to the old ways of accounting.
“A lot of people think we can stay in our own financial-reporting environment” if the SEC doesn’t require U.S. companies to adopt IFRS, says Dave Kaplan, a partner at PricewaterhouseCoopers. However, IFRS is already influencing U.S. GAAP through the convergence process, and the international rules will have an impact on daily operations as businesses become more global, notes Kaplan.
The convergence effort alone will change the way U.S. companies account for revenue, leases, mergers, pensions, and financial instruments. What’s more, any financial metrics (such as assets or income) that have to be adjusted as a result of the accounting changes will affect debt and legal covenants, as well as compensation arrangements based on those metrics, says Kaplan.
Converged accounting rules will also force companies to update shareholder communication and education efforts, as they may have to explain temporary volatility in financial results that could ensue from the new rules. In-house accountants and investor-relations professionals may also want a working knowledge of IFRS so they can explain any reporting differences that emerge when doing comparisons with international peers.
U.S.-based multinationals will be forced to deal with the international standards if their offshore subsidiaries are required to adopt IFRS for statutory reporting purposes, says Kaplan. He points out that regulators in the United Kingdom are considering forcing subsidiaries of U.S. companies based in that country to switch from U.S. GAAP to IFRS. Furthermore, in the long run, IFRS could become the preferred rules for the global capital markets. Should that happen, any company still clinging to its local GAAP could be at a disadvantage with respect to access to global capital, suggests Kaplan.
Myth No. 6: Since the IASB is a foreign organization, U.S. concerns are not well represented on the board.
While the IASB is a global organization, it has several close ties to the United States, which is a founding member. Many of the standards used to launch IFRS were taken directly from U.S. GAAP, says Pounder. The current parent of the IASB is a Delaware-based nonprofit corporation, and 4 of the IASB’s current 15 members are based in the United States, the highest number of representatives from any one country on the board.
Myth No. 7: Convergence will be completed by 2011.
It’s no secret that the convergence-project agenda is aggressive. Even FASB acknowledged earlier this year that in trying to meet a self-imposed June 2011 deadline, it was churning out more exposure drafts than constituents could digest and comment on. So this past June, the board reworked its project time line and promised to release only a maximum of four draft rules for public comment at a time.