Taxes are driving the debate, but the inflammatory rhetoric may be roiling the markets.
Yet respondents to a CFO survey are dissatisfied with both major-party candidates.
Dublin is challenging the $14.5 billion judgment as a "seismic" attack on the integrity of its corporate tax system.
Regulators are turning up the heat on the historically lax process of accounting for transactions between related legal entities.
The European Commission says Ireland improperly allowed Apple to avoid paying taxes on almost all profits from sales in the EU.
Often, such accounting covers transactions among corporate units that cross international borders and currencies.
To respond to budget deficits and economic austerity, worldwide taxing authorities are deploying a new weapon: information exchange.
The American Bar Association recommends that the IRS clarify how tax concepts should be applied to cloud transactions.
Some of the sexier applications of the cloud are starting to emerge from the operational abyss.
Since nothing has changed yet as a result of Brexit, no major operational or tax-process changes should be made right now.