It doesn’t take a very close examination to see that North American dealmaking is becoming a creature of the credit crisis — in more ways than one.
Again this week, the largest transaction in the seven-day period grew directly from the flurry of high-level negotiations designed to save one or another of the nation’s once-mighty financial institutions. But beneath that, the second tier is populated with smaller and smaller deals, continuing a disturbing trend for the merger-and-acquisition set.
Last week came the “bailout fallout” in its purest form: Wells Fargo’s $15.1-billion offer for a weakened Wachovia — followed by two related Mitsubishi deals for Morgan Stanley and the disposition of a Lehman Brothers and an American International Group operation — were the only instances of M&A in billion-dollar territory.
The rest of the top ten deals, according to data provided to CFO.com by mergermarket, involved various transactions in the energy, software, and video-game sales fields.
In all, 53 transactions worth a total of $28.19 billion were announced in the week, compared with 47 deals, valued at $17.09 billion, in the prior week. For the year to date, the 3,007 deals, worth $790 billion, continued to be a shadow of the 2007 record year. At this time last year, 3,945 transactions had been proposed, with a value of $1.33 trillion.
Wells Fargo & Co. to buy Wachovia Corp. for $15.12 billion
Charlotte, N.C.-based financial and bank holding company Wachovia definitively agreed to be acquired by San Francisco-based Wells Fargo in an exchange of 0.1991 Wells Fargo share for each Wachovia share, or $7 a share and a premium of 44. 14 percent. Citigroup, however, is challenging the deal, arguing that an earlier deal negotiated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. should stand. That FDIC transaction would combine Citi and Wachovia.
Seller financial advisor: Goldman Sachs; Perella Weinberg Partners
Bidder financial advisor: JPMorgan
Seller legal advisor: Sullivan & Cromwell
Bidder legal advisor: Wachtell Lipton Rosen & Katz
Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group Inc. to buy an undisclosed economic interest in Morgan Stanley for $6.05 billion
Tokyo-based financial group Mitsubishi agreed to acquire preferred shares that are convertible into 13.6 percent stake of New York City-based Morgan Stanley. Terms call for Mitsubishi UFJ to acquire perpetual non-cumulative convertible preferred stock, with a conversion price of $31.25 per share and a 10-percent dividend. After one year, if the price of Morgan Stanley common stock exceeds 150 percent of the conversion price, 50 percent of the preferred stock will be converted into common, and after two years the remainder will be converted.
Seller financial advisor: Morgan Stanley
Bidder financial advisor: BlackRock; Lazard; Mitsubishi UFJ Securities
Seller legal advisor: Cravath Swaine & Moore; Wachtell Lipton Rosen & Katz
Bidder legal advisor: Mori Hamada & Matsumoto; Sullivan & Cromwell