If capital raising no longer motivates companies to go the IPO route, direct listings may be the answer.
The IPO priced below the original target range as the home security firm went public only two years after being taken private.
A direct listing would allow Spotify to avoid the hefty underwriting fees of a traditional IPO while providing liquidity to shareholders.
If economic and market conditions hold, issuance could surpass $50 billion next year, says Renaissance Capital.
The growing popularity of best-of-breed applications plays into the hands of data integrators like Talend.
The Japanese conglomerate is leading an investor group that could put as much as $10 billion into Uber as it prepares for an IPO in 2019.
The computer-aided engineering software company's shares surged 41% on their market debut, with 12 million shares being sold to raise $156 million.
Companies have good reasons for factoring in the regulatory environment when deciding whether to go public.
Is excessive disclosure regulation a primary cause of the long slump in IPO activity? There's hardly a consensus on that among experts.
Aside from disclosure regulations, the factors include politics, markets, investor demand, the business climate, and competition.