Barclays has been fined £290 million ($451 million) by U.K. and U.S. regulators after admitting rigging the market in interest-rate derivatives by providing false information to market authorities. Barclays’s actions distorted the calculation of Libor and Euribor benchmark rates, helping the bank’s traders with their positions.
Barclays settled with the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the U.S. Department of Justice Fraud Section for fines of $200 million and $160 million, respectively, according to Reuters. The U.K. Financial Services Authority (FSA) hit the bank for £59.5 million ($93 million), the largest fine the regulator has ever slapped on an offending institution.
The offenses have also cost chief executive Bob Diamond, CFO Chris Lucas, and other directors their annual bonuses, but not their jobs. Other banks could also be implicated, since authorities say their investigations are continuing.
The bank had submitted false interest-rate data to the British Bankers Assn. (BBA) and the European Banking Federation (EBF), which uses that information to calculate London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor) and the Euro Interbank Offered Rate (Euribor).
Libor and Euribor are reference rates that indicate the interest being charged when banks lend to each other. The BBA and the EBF collect information submitted by banks such as Barclays. The rates play a very important role in money markets and in a wide range of over-the-counter (OTC) and exchange-traded derivatives contracts.
The notional amount outstanding of OTC interest-rate derivatives contracts in the first half of 2011 has been estimated at $554 trillion. The total value of short-term interest-rate contracts traded on the LIFFE financial futures market in London in 2011 was €477 trillion, including more than €241 trillion relating to the three month Euribor futures contract (the fourth-largest interest-rate futures contract by volume in the world).
The FSA said Barclays’s breaches involved “a significant number of employees” and occurred over a number of years. The extent to which Barclays benefited from feeding false information into the market is not yet known.
The FSA said the bank’s misconduct included:
- Making submissions to the BBA and EBF that took into account requests from Barclays’s interest-rate derivatives traders. These traders were motivated by profit and sought to benefit Barclays’s trading positions;
- Seeking to influence the Euribor submissions of other banks contributing to the rate-setting process; and
- Reducing its Libor submissions during the financial crisis as a result of senior management’s concerns over negative media comment.